November is observed as Lung Cancer Awareness Month. About 1.3 million people die of lung cancer every year in the world. Nowadays, It is the leading cause of cancer death in men and the second leading cause in women in the world.
About 80 percent of lung cancer patients are direct or indirect smokers and tobacco users. Lungs can also be damaged by secondhand smoke, even if the person is not a smoker.
Black smoke from vehicles and factories, air pollution, small particles or fibers of inorganic substances (such as asbestos, nickel, and chromium), and organic substances (such as benzene, and benzopyrene) can enter the lungs with the air and cause lung cancer.
Relatives of patients with lung cancer are almost twice as likely to develop cancer. Apart from this, the risk of lung cancer increases in silicosis, interstitial lung disease, cystic fibrosis, and chronic bronchitis diseases.
Unwanted radiation is also a significant cause of lung cancer. Certain occupations—such as coal miners, construction workers, petroleum, chemical, or rubber factory workers, and shipwrights—those who work in X-ray departments, those who receive radiation therapy, asbestos factory workers, or those who work in dusty environments—are at increased risk of lung cancer. The rate of occurrence is high.
Binge drinking is linked to lung cancer
Prolonged cough, bleeding with cough, a new type of smoker’s cough, shortness of breath, prolonged fever, weight loss, swollen lymph nodes, etc. are symptoms of this cancer. If suspicious symptoms appear, a chest x-ray and cough test should be done as soon as possible on the advice of the doctor. High-risk patients should be diagnosed with a chest CT scan, and bronchoscopy if necessary.
Bidi, cigarettes, tobacco, and alcohol should be avoided.
Environmental pollution, air pollution, and vehicle black smoke should be reduced. Mask should be used to avoid smoke.
Those who have no symptoms; But those who have smoked for at least 30 years and are aged 50 to 80 years are recommended to undergo lung cancer screening with low-dose computed tomography once a year for early diagnosis.
Why is awareness necessary?
The lung cancer death rate is very high in World. Lung cancer is often not detected in the early stages. It is real that by the time, symptoms appear, the disease is far advanced. So awareness of everyone is very important to detect the disease at the initial stage.
By knowing the symptoms of lung cancer, seeking medical advice and diagnosis as soon as possible, and those who work in various chemical factories, radioactivity, dust, and smoke, bringing them under health examination and creating awareness, it is possible to reduce the mortality rate by detecting cancer at an early stage.